With a chemical formula of NaOH, sodium hydroxide is also referred to as caustic soda and lye. It is a white crystalline substance and quickly absorbs carbon dioxide and water vapor from the air. It is also corrosive and known to be very soluble in alcohol, water, and glycerin.
The main method for the manufacture of caustic soda is through electrolysis of saltwater. But, it is also prepared by the reaction of sodium carbonate or soda in the form of a concentrated solution with calcium hydroxide or slaked lime. You can easily buy industrial chemicals online.
This substance is used in different industries and one of the advantages of its use is low cost and is easy to detect, remove and discard.
One of its main uses is in the field of chemical manufacturing, especially in the neutralization of acid, pH control, and off-gas scrubbing. It is also used in the paper industry.
It is a key component, together with sodium sulfide, white liquor solution used to separate lignin from cellulose fibers in the Kraft process is called. In the oil and natural gas industry, is used to remove acidic contaminants in the oil and gas processing.
Undeniably, the substance has a variety of uses. It is a powerful chemical formula and has potential health effects. When it comes into contact with the eyes or the eyes, it can cause ulceration of conjunctiva and cornea.
It can also cause severe burns with delayed tissue damage. In addition, the inhalation of the substance may cause pulmonary edema and chemical pneumonitis. When it is inhaled or ingested, it can cause vomiting, abdominal pain, perforation of the gastrointestinal tract, circulatory system failure, or even death.